Posted by Gardener Marc | Posted in Basic Gardening Tips | Posted on 31-01-2012
Hey guys, as spring is getting closer and closer I got the idea to compile some general steps that you can perform in early and mid-spring to have a perfect start into this gardening season.
The good news is, you don’t really have to do a lot of chores (and neither are they really strenuous) and will be able to enjoy the fruits of your work during summer and autumn.
Clean up your lawn
After months Your lawn will be filled with mud and debris after months of winter. Dead leaves, mud etc. should be raked from the grass to give it a good, clean look; the overplus of sunlight will also encourage your grass to grow.
Once the weather warms up, cut back the old grass so new growth will start as soon as possible (do, however, not cut it back too low but mow with high blades). You should also apply mosskiller if you haven’t done so in winter.
Replant and repair your lawn
A long winter will leave gaps in your lawn, so you best fill them – and spring is the best time to do so: Soften the soil with a rake and mix enough grass seeds in the soil – keep the patches well-watered until the seeds germinate. Poorly growing areas are best fed with
all-purpose fertiliser and planted again.
Move trees and shrubs
If you want to move trees and shrubs to another place, to it now before they leaf out. Its much more difficult to get them going again in the middle of summer – it’s always better to move plants while they’re still dormant.
I have found that the easiest way to move larger plants is to cut a trench trough the earth just outside the area of leaves. Cut through roots and put the plant on a plastic bag for transportation to hurt the roots as little as possible. It should always be planted at about the same depths in the earth as it was originally planted. A newly planted tree should always be amply watered; you can also apply mulch to keep the water from evaporating.
Trees and shrubs (especially roses) should be pruned before spring. Don’t start pruning too late, as the sap would “bleed” from the plant and deplete it of energy and nutrients. As you prune shrubs and bushes to remove unhealthy branches and to encourage growth, you should cut limbs and branches shortly before buds.
Landscape trees, on the other hand, are pruned to develop and influence their natural growth, so their limbs should be taken right at the base for not hurting the natural “flow” of the tree.
Spray to avoid pests
Circumvent the spread of scale insects and pests by applying dormant oil spray to trees (especially fruit trees) while the buds are still closed.
You don’t want to buy it?
Mix your spray at home: Most people use a mix of canola (or vegetable oil) and baking soda in a relation of 2:1, combined with about one gallon of water, for their spray. Some people even put garlic or hot peppers in their sprays for better effect! Try it to see what works best for your plants.
Weed as early as possible
Although it’s unpleasant work, you better go and look for weeds as soon as spring arrives. Uncontrolled weed will drain the nutrients and water from the soil (leaving less for your flowers); they’re also easiest to pull out now, before their roots had the time to deepen, so take them out as soon as you see them. It’s best to arrange different compost piles for general debris on the one hand and for weed on the other hand or just to leave the wood out of your compost at all.
Plant new flowers
If you want to create new beds, you can prepare the soil by putting some paper (about 4 layers) on the respective areas it and pile some compost on top of it – this will eliminate the old vegetation and give a good head-start to your new plants.
Annuals and perennials can then be planted once the weather gets milder and the soil dryer. Applying mold (you can also work in some composted leaves and/or manure) and let it rest for a while before planting the seeds.
I always find it handy to put small glasses (from marmalade etc.) on top of the young seeds to protect the from snails and other pests.
I hope you enjoyed this article. If you have some tricks to share or if you just want to leave greetings here, please comment under this article.