My first roses article had so many readers, so I decided to write another one. It is not hard to do, if you know how to plant roses correctly. I hope you enjoy it. Here it is:
Choose the correct location
Roses love the sun
Like us human, roses also love airy places with guaranteed sunshine. On appropriate locations for roses robust varieties will have a vital life without the use of pesticides. Sunny locations provide a quick drying of wet rose leaves, so the vulnerability to get fungal diseases is mitigated significantly. Roses have deep roots that go down into the ground pretty quickly.
In the garden of roses they therefore prefer a deep, sandy-loamy soil with adequate humus and nutrient proportions. The soil is not much important – roses grow in all uncompressed garden ground. Where other ornamental trees grow without problems, also a rose is garden possible.
A totally unsuitable location for roses is below the crowns of old, deciduous trees. In the drip area of the crowns, the leaves of the rose plant do not dry fast enough, mildew finds an ideal breeding ground.
Note: Before you plant roses on sites that already have grown roses for several years, you should find out about appropriate measures how to prevent stunted growth of newly planted roses.
Locations for potted roses
You know, roses are sun lovers, but they are no heat fanatics. This is especially true for big roses in pots and containers, which endure the hot summer days on off-sun terrace sites. Extremely hot south-facing slopes, combined with heat-storing walls, paving stones and asphalt, act like an oven. This results in leaf burn. Also the extreme air dryness promotes the spread of spider mites, which can be annoying pests.
Prepare soil well
Before planting roses soil preparation is important. Soil compressions are essential to break. Remove before planting roses all root weeds – preferably with a digging fork – out of the bed. Soil improvers lead the organic materials back to the bio-circulation, a process that promotes life in the soil and thus the growth of roses.
How to plant correctly
Remove any damaged roots (just above the damaged area). The fine roots generally remain uncut, because the more of them remain at the rose tree, the safer the growing is. The aerial green shoots of bare-rooted roses are to be cut back to about eight inch (scissors length) with a sharp pair of scissors. All the roses that are planted with bare root, you should generally put in a water bath before the fall or spring planting for four to five hours (with all shot and root parts).
The planting hole should be a few inches larger as the bale or bare root. Mix some slow-release fertilizer granules under the potting soil. The bottom of the hole you should be thoroughly loosen to with a digging fork, so that water drainage is possible well. Now place the rose vertically in the planting hole. Ideally, a second helper holds the rose, so that the roots dangle free and unbent in the planting pit.
After planting the graft union must be located 5 inch deep in the earth. Also, the planting depth of container roses is not oriented on the ball size, but rather at the graft union of the rose. Fill the planting hole with soil and contact the rose slightly with the paragraph. While doing keep the rose firmly so that the important height position does not changes seriously. Sludge the rose tree with the garden hose after planting to fill any voids and to ensure optimal ground circuit.
Never forget ridging
After planting, ridge the soil around the rose about 6 inch high, so that you can see only the shoot tips of the rose bush. You should do this whether you plant in spring or in autumn. It protects roses from wind, sun and frost. Remove the ridge at the fall planting in April and at the spring planting eight weeks after – but at the earliest, when the new shoots have reached a length of 4 inch.